The certification of fiber according to NOP standards (NOP – National Organic Program in USA) consists in almost same rules as for food. The production process must not include using pesticides as toxic as persistent, genetic engineering or synthetic fertilizers. These laws are controlled by USDA accredited companies and agents so the farmers that practice organic can use only allowed methods that are approved by NOP.
It’s an interesting detail that NOP standards cover the production process only till textile fabric, they regulate how the cotton or wool were grown but NOP doesn’t have specific manufacturing rules for textile goods like t-shirts, mattresses or other stuff. So if you see “organic” seal on the pack it means NOP standards were controlled while this thing raw material was produced and handled. But this label can’t approve the textile process because there can be used different auxiliary substance such as dyestuffs, for example.
However the manufactures can apply for other certification organizations to approve their processes, there is Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) for instance. This reputable organ provides stringent international standard for textile manufacturing and it has special notions about using organic fiber. GOTS describes whole production cycle for manufacturing with organic fiber including dyeing, weaving, knitting, spinning and so on.
Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS)
GOTS provides the standards which determine the organic status of textile production, also it has to make a consumer ensure that this textile stuff doesn’t contain any harmful component. It regulates way of fiber from harvesting till our wardrobe including whole stages of responsible manufacturing. It is the avowed world standard for textile that is producing from organic fibers. It contains high-level criteria for environment, supplies whole chain along and expects compliance with social features too.
GOTS is organized by The Soil Association (UK), Organic Trade Association (OTA), the Japan Organic Cotton Association and International Association Natural Textile Industry (IVN) (Germany).
Policy and Advocacy Updates
OTA works actively in many projects which promote textile sector using organic fiber. You can learn more about current researches and other nowadays project by the link below. Also this section contains information about secure variants that can replace to Methyl Bromide from the textile processing.
What is meaning of “organic cotton” phrase? How the organic fiber goods are labeling? How does organic cotton correspond to environment? We prepared some useful sources with interesting facts below.
OTA’s Organic Cotton Survey
Every year in January the report about local organic production is released by OTA, it makes in cooperation with Cotton, Inc. the data is available here.
Where to buy organic clothing and textiles
There is a guide that contains information about trading points where you can buy organic textiles and other products. For to be sure just take attention to label it has to have Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) mark, then you can trust in the fact that this stuff is really organic one.