The certification of organic food by USA Department of Agriculture (USDA) is regulated by National Organic Program (NOP). These instructions tell when and how the word “organic” can be used in the labeling issue. So if the producer wants to get USDA organic seal on its products, he has to follow strict rules and pass federal certification by accredited certifying agent then the verdict will be done which phrase: “organic”, “made with organic” or “100% organic” the processor can use for its goods in the future.
The history of nowadays standards started at 2002 with the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA), there were not uniform practices till this time so even if customer faces with ”organic” label it could be different meaning depends on state. Well, the right time came and the necessity of national standards and procedures was appeared as from customers as from producers side.
OFPA grown into USA National Organic Standards the NOP was set and now we have working and effective standards for organic production which cover whole production process of food and save organic meaning right up to customer’s table. NOP oversees obligatory certification of organic products. There is also the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) that was established by NOP as well, this agency works with the Secretary of Agriculture in the field of setting of standards based on NOP principles and advices. The producers who passed NOP standards certification can label their goods with “USDA Certified Organic” seal.
So the regulation process in organic food sector by USDA contain a range of requirements which has to be controlled by special agent with USDA accreditation only then the producer would get a right to use “organic” for labels. Moreover the production stages must show care about natural resources and use only approved issues during production cycle. It’s not allowed any usage of genetic engineering, sewage sludge, ionizing radiation, most synthetic pesticides or fertilizers.